Future Simple Tense Definition, Affirmative, Negative and Interrogative Sentences

Future Simple Tense Definition, Affirmative, Negative and Interrogative Sentences

Future Simple Tense

You can use the Future Simple Tense, which is one of the most popular tenses in English and is widely used, for actions you plan to do in the future. Two basic auxiliary verbs should be used in the Future Simple Tense, these auxiliary verbs are “will” and “be going to”. The two have many distinguishing features, but both refer to the future. “Will” is used for verbs that occur more suddenly and during the speech, while “be going to” is used for previously planned events that are almost certain to happen.


How to Do Future Simple Tense?

To use the Future Simple Tense properly, you should learn the sentence sequences of the auxiliary verbs “will” and “be going to”. In cases where “will” is used, the subject-verb-object rule in English should be followed. First, the subject should be used, then “will” should be used, and then the verb is used in its original form and plainly. The same rule applies to negative sentences, the only difference between positive and negative sentences is the “note” suffix.

When using “be going to”, the auxiliary verb “be” in the pattern turns into one of the auxiliary verbs “am”, “is” or “are”. (You should know that “I” takes the auxiliary verb “am”; “is” is used for He, She and It; “are” is used for You, We and They. It will be sufficient to add “not” to the auxiliary verb “be”.


Future Simple Tense Grammar Rules

Affirmative Sentences: Regardless of the subject when “will” is used, no change is made in the auxiliary verb “will” and the verb is used simply in its first form. In the “be going to” pattern, the auxiliary verb “be” changes according to the subject, the verb is used again plainly and in its first form.

  • Ava (she) is going to prepare the emails after the meal.
  • Chris dropped his wallet, I will get it and give it to him.
  • Abigail and Madison are going to sing a popular song right now according to today’s plan.

Negative Sentences: To make a negative sentence with the Future Simple Tense, you must make the auxiliary verb “will” “will not (won’t)”. The auxiliary verb “be” in the “be going to” pattern should vary according to its subject and should take the “not” suffix.

  • I will not (won’t) answer my phone after 8 pm, because I have a life.
  • Madison (she) is not (isn’t) going to go to the party because her grandmother will be in operation.
  • Christian wants to see his girlfriend every day but he is not (isn’t) going to his girlfriend tomorrow because of his work trip.

Interrogative Sentences: To make an interrogative sentence, it will be sufficient to precede the auxiliary verb “Will”, then use the subject and then the predicate. In the “be going to” pattern, “be”, which has changed according to the subject, is brought to the beginning, the subject is used, “going to” is added and the verb is used.

  • Will you come with me on a city tour of Paris tomorrow?
  • Will Jane be able to get to the party in time?
  • Which country will you go to for a summer vacation this year?