What is Adjective? Types of Adjectives and Examples

What is Adjective? Types of Adjectives and Examples


Adjectives that change a noun or a noun phrase in English add new meanings to the word they change and help the word gain a more special meaning by changing the meaning of that word. Adjectives that you must use to describe anything in English are a grammar subject that anyone who wants to learn English must know.


1. Comparative adjectives

These adjectives, which are used to compare more than one different person, different place, different object, or any two different things, contain a comparative meaning.

  • We thought the last movie would be worse than the other movies, but we were completely wrong.


2. Superior adjectives

Superior adjectives, which are used to indicate the superior or the best thing in any subject by comparing more than two things, people or things, are used for comparison purposes.

  • I am the person with the highest grade in the class.


3. Predicate adjectives

This type of adjective is not found next to the nouns or pronouns they change, predicate adjectives are found in the predicate of a sentence and they are considered as subject complements.

  • My black hair is quite thick and long.


4. Compound adjectives

Compound adjectives, which are adjectives formed by many words that usually have hyphens between them and are connected by these hyphens, are used quite often in daily life.

  • It is quite extraordinary to encounter such a result during your project.


5. Possessive adjectives

Possessive adjectives used as my, your, her, his, its, our, their, whose are adjectives used to indicate ownership in any subject.

  • If I had known that my course grades would be this low, I would never have chosen to study in this department.


6. Demonstrative Adjectives

The use of demonstrative adjectives is to indicate anything in space or time that has a relative position. We can give examples of those, these, and this as the most frequently used demonstrative adjectives.

  • Of course, I will not stay in this dormitory during my university life, I plan to leave this dormitory as soon as possible.


7. Proper adjectives

Appropriate adjectives, which are other names for adjectives consisting of proper nouns, are adjectives frequently used in English to express that a certain thing is special to a certain person or a certain place. These adjectives can be used to refer to any nation or any person.

  • Everyone who comes to Turkey says that Turkish food is very good.


8. Participatory adjectives

These adjectives, which consist of words derived from verbs formed by adding -ed and -ing suffixes to the end, can take any form you can think of and are usually in the form of verbs.

  • I know you don’t like doing sports outside very much, but if you don’t do sports, you won’t be able to get rid of these weights and fats, so you may never be healthy again.


9. Interrogative adjectives

There are three interrogative adjectives, which are used to get an answer and come before nouns, and these interrogative adjectives are what, which and who.

  • Who’s turn is it to clean the house and wash the dishes?